Showing posts with label 1. guitar lesson. Show all posts
Showing posts with label 1. guitar lesson. Show all posts

14 - Electronic Tuning

How To Tune A Guitar With An Electronic Tuner

Electronic Guitar Tuner
Electronic guitar tuners work on analyzing frequency vibrations in Hertz (Hz). Since guitar strings will reach other notes and vibrations on its way to proper pitch, the electronic tuner can misinterpret these, and think the string is in tune when it is not.


When using any electronic guitar tuner, the guitar should first be tuned by ear to avoid these false, confusing readings. Let’s go through the steps on  how to tune a guitar with an electronic tuner painlessly and effortlessly. Don’t forget to check out our audio guitar lessons if you prefer to learn by listening!

How To Tune A Guitar with an Electronic Tuner – Step 1

Tune the guitar by ear. A guitar tuning pitch pipe, the audible note tones on the tuner, or an “E” tuning fork may be used as a guide to achieve approximate tuning.

Step 2

Turn the electronic tuner power on by pressing the power button. The display will light up and perform a brief calibration cycle.

Step 3

Attach the tuner to the guitar by clipping it onto the headstock, sticking it to the body surface, or by plugging a guitar into the input jack, (depending on the tuner model).

Step 4

Pick the low E 6th string on the guitar (the thickest string) and view the tuner display. The target note (E in this case) will appear. Depending on the model, An LED light or LCD arrow will also appear to the left side of the note, indicating whether the note played is too low (flat=b) or on the right of the note, indicating whether the note played is too high (sharp=#).

Step 5

Adjust the string’s corresponding tuning key to bring the note up or down in pitch, until the arrow moves the center position, or the green LED is the sole illuminating light, (with no red LEDs). The string is now in tune.

Step 6

Repeat steps 4 and 5, for remaining 5A, 4D, 3G, 2B, 1E strings.

Step 7

Disconnect the tuner from the guitar and turn power off by pressing the power button once again.

 

15 - Bar Chords Intro

Learn Guitar Bar Chords – Beginners Introduction – Lesson 15

Introduction To Guitar Bar Chords

The word “bar”, which is also spelled “barre”, is quite simply any open guitar chord, played on any fret, using one finger to fret two or more notes. Picture if you will, that the nut of the guitar (that white piece at the top of the neck that guides the strings over the fretboard) is moveable.


If you were able to move it up three frets and play an open “E” chord, you would now have a “G” chord. Remember that the low open “E” string is the root note of the “E” chord. If you move it up chromatically, the first fret is F, the second fret is F#/Gb, and the third fret is G.
G Major E-Position Bar Chord
We can’t move the nut, but we can move our fingers. Place your first finger across all the guitar strings on the third fret. Now, form an open “E” chord formation with the other fingers: Third finger on the fifth fret of the A5 string, fourth finger on the fifth fret of the D4 string, and the second finger on the fourth fret of the G3 string. Your first finger should be pressing down on the third fret of the low E6, B2, and E1 strings. To further illustrate the relation of this chord to the open “E” chord, remove your first finger, and slide all the rest into the open position. You are now playing an open “E” chord, but with a few finger changes.
We’ll call this the “E Position Bar Chord” for easier future reference. You can play this bar chord on any fret, and the chord name will correspond to the E string note name your first finger is on. For example, playing the chord with your first finger barring the fifth fret produces an “A” chord, since “A” is the note on the fifth fret of the E string.
Bar chords are very useful, and can be heard in every musical style. Bar chords are used to make open chords sound different, by way of a thing called “inversion”. Inverted chords are exactly the same as their common-name counterparts, as they share the same notes, but the notes are simply played in a different order. To illustrate, let’s play an open “A” chord. Now play the E Position Bar Chord on the fifth fret. They’re both “A” chords, but sound different because of the order of the notes.
Try the following exercise to get used to the “E Position Bar Chord”. Strum each chord four times:
E Position - Guitar Chord Exercise
Hope that gives you some idea about the use and formation of bar chords. It may be difficult as first to bar every string, but keep on trying and remember to use proper hand positioning, discussed in Lesson Five

16 - Bar Chords Pt 2

Guitar Bar Chords Part Two – Lesson 16

 Last lesson, we talked about bar chords as open chords that are played on higher frets, using the first finger as a substitute for the nut, essentially changing the notes of the chord. Bar chords are sometimes called “moveable chords” because of this feature.

A Position Bar Chord

The next chord we’ll learn, the “A Position Bar Chord”, is one of the trickier moveable bar chords, as it uses the first and third fingers for barring the notes. The “A” position chord is just as popular as the “E” position bar chord, and is essential learning for all guitar players.
A Position Bar Chord Diagram
The “C” bar chord in the “A” position is played by placing the first finger across all strings at the third fret. The only finger the first needs to actually push down, however, is the A5 string on the third fret. The third finger is used to fret the D4, G3, and B2 strings on the fifth fret. The tip of the first finger is used to “mute” or slightly contact the E6 string, so it doesn’t play. The bottom part of the third finger mutes the top E6 string, so it doesn’t play either. This can be a bit tricky at first.
The A5 string is the root note in this bar chord, and will determine the chord name based on the fret. In this case, the A5 string is played on the third fret, which is “C”, making the chord a “C major”. Take note that the lowest string played, “A” in this example, is not always the root in other types of bar chords.

Bar Chords Exercise

This exercise combines the “E” position bar chord from Lesson Fifteen, with the “A” position bar chord. Play each chord four times, on the designated fret:
Bar Chords ExerciseHere’s a refresher view of the “E” position bar chord…
E Position Bar Chord
Practice your own patterns using the “E” and “A” position chords, taking notice of the chord name according to the root note and fret. Bar chords are very important to master, and you will use them throughout your guitar playing career.

 

 

17 - Modified Chords

Modified Chords – Beginners Guitar Lesson 17

 

In this lesson, we’ll talk about modified chords. By now, you’ve learned that major and minor chords are made up of three notes taken from the major scale.
Modified chords are major or minor chords that contain other notes from the scale, and are really useful in creating certain moods, and making your chord playing sound more interesting.

 

Like everything else in music, there are rules to follow. Remember that each note in the scale is assigned a number from one through 8, but were going to take the numbering concept a bit further. If you repeat the notes in a long line, starting with the root note of the scale as number one, you can assign numbers to infinity.
We won’t go quite as far as that, and in fact, we’ll only go the number thirteen. So let’s take C major again as our sample scale, and assign numbers:
Modified Chords The reason we only go to thirteen is a matter of redundancy, as the names and numbers of notes will begin to repeat, and cause unnecessary confusion. To modify a guitar chord, we take its basic form, and add another note to it.
We’ll use C Major as our example: The three notes that make up a C Major chord are, C E and G. If we add the seventh note in the scale, B, we’ve created a Cmajor7 chord. That’s pretty simple, but of course there are other rules to consider, one of which we’ll talk about now because it comprises a very common chord: the Dominant Seven Chord, or simply, a Seven Chord. Note that C Major 7 is a seven chord, but it’s a Major 7 chord. A Dominant Seven/Seven chord uses the same methodology as C Major 7, but the seventh note, B in this case, is flatted.
This is the case for all Dominant Seven chords. You don’t have to say “Dominant”, as the chord is usually called a “Seven” chord, which is distinguished from the Major Seven, by not saying “Major”…get it?
Here are some basic modified chords for you to work on. C, D, A, and G Major Seven, and regular (dominant) Seven chords:
Modified Chords
As you work on your guitar chords, note that all modified chords may not fit into every song. Their use depends on the melody notes used, which we’ll get into more detail in future lessons. But as a general rule, when using modified chords such a dominant seven chords, the modified note in the scale also needs to be modified. If not, you’ll have a pretty bad sound clashing of notes. (In the audio portion of this lesson, I’ll give an example of note clashing.)
By now, you’ve got a pretty good collection of chords which you’ve learned here at learn the guitar lessons. Every guitarist needs to study and memorize chords, as they will be a vital part of your playing. The more chords you know, and their proper use within a song, will develop your playing style, and differentiate your playing from others.
Beatles’ music is a great example of different chords. You’ll notice that they use very rich modified chords which complement the melody in some very interesting ways. It does take a lot of thought and quite a few years of playing in order to use non-standard chords properly, but it is time well spent on your never-ending guitar playing journey.

18 - Modified Chords 2

Modified Guitar Chords Pt 2 – Beginners Guitar Lesson 18

We learned in lesson Seventeen, that modified guitar chords are standard chords which use additional notes added. Notes added to major chords are taken from the major scale, and it is the same with modified minor chords. Let’s look at the A minor scale, which is the relative minor of C major..
A Minor Scale
Even though A minor is based on C major, we’ve numbered the notes in the minor scale to modify the minor chord. An A minor chord contains the 1st, 3rd, and 5th notes of the minor scale (A E C). The most popular minor chord modification is the Minor Seven.
To play an Am7 chord, simply play a standard Am chord, and add the seventh note, which is G. This is easily done by dropping your third finger away from a standard AM chord, and will add the open G note.
Am Am7 Chord Diagrams
Other minor chords that are easily modified include:
Dm Dm7 Chord DiagramsEm Em7 Chord Diagrams
Now, let’s try some chord progressions using our new modified minor chords, as well as some from previous lessons. Strum each chord four times.
Guitar Lesson Exercise
Using modified guitar chords within a song usually poses no problems, as long as the melody and solo parts also contain the modified notes. Remember to memorize and perfect all chords, and in the next two lessons, we’ll be putting it all together.

 

19 - Scale Exercises

Guitar Scale Exercises – Beginners Guitar Lesson 19

 

When playing these guitar scale exercises, the preferred picking pattern is alternate up and down strokes.
Note that the fret numbers on the tablature also correspond the fingers used, since we are playing in the “first”, or “open” position. The first exercise is in C major, followed by the relative minor of C, A minor.

Guitar Scale Exercise In C Major

Guitar Exercise In C Major

Guitar Scale Exercise In A Minor

Guitar Exercise In A Minor

Guitar Scale Exercise In G Major

Guitar Exercise In G Major
Notice how we jumped around a bit, and didn’t really favor any particular note. By doing this, you can come up with melodies, solos, bass parts, and other guitar parts. Play around with your own versions, and create other guitar scale exercises for practice.

20 - Chord Exercises

Learn The Guitar – Chord Exercises – Lesson 20

 

Play all exercises with the down/up/down/up/down/up strum pattern as heard on the audio guitar lesson. Also in the audio, we’ll learn a few more strum patterns and see how we can use the same chord progressions to make very different styles of music. Running through this written exercise and combining it with the audio is a great way to Learn The Guitar. Get your fingers warmed up and lets get into it!

Learn The Guitar – Chord Exercise 1

Chord Exercise 2

Chord Exercise 3

Chord Exercise 4

By altering the strum pattern and which strings you actually strum, you can achieve different music styles and patterns. To simplify things, play the audio portion to hear some ideas.
As mentioned in our previous Learn The Guitar beginners lessons, chord memorization is so important for every guitar player. Be sure to work on timing, picking and strumming patterns too, and we’ll give you some ideas in future lessons. For now, practice, and then practice some more! We’ll see you again next time here real soon for some more beginners guitar lessons.